The most famous myths and gods in Greece
Greek mythical stories about the gods and their heroism in love and war. Myths of Greece and the most famous stories they have.
The word legend in the English language goes back to the Greek language and is called mythos, which means a story, a letter, or it may refer to something new. Myths may tell real stories or mention real people, but they cannot be relied upon as historical sources.
As for the Greek myths written by the Greeks since ancient times, it is somewhat difficult to know whether they are realistic or not, because they present many of the true elements that are interconnected in the novel; Which makes its events seem realistic and its heroes real.
Greek mythology is varied: - Some are folk stories, some are urban, and some are mythical stories about the gods and their heroism in love and war.
The importance of Greek mythology
The uses and significance of Greek mythology emerged through:
- Explaining the social systems and customs that the society lived at that time, the social phenomena it witnessed, and the succession of situations and stories over the years.
- It was directly linked to religion in Greek society, as it was detailing the origin and life of the gods.
- Tips for leading the way to a happy life.
- Help preserve historical events, wars that occurred, and discovered places by re-listing them to keep people in touch with their ancestors.
The most famous Greek myths
Greek myths contain many myths, each of which had a specific belief at that time or a lesson through which the Greeks wanted to deliver them to future generations, and among these myths:
The myth of Hercules
The owner of the Greek name Hercules, the most famous of mythological figures, is the son of the king of the gods Zeus and his wife, Alchemy.
Hercules surpassed humans with supernatural powers that made him blessed, but he was cursed by Hera, his stepmother because he was dear to his father more than the rest of his holy brothers (children of Hera) Ares, Hebe Iris, and Hephaestus, which angered Hera so much.
This supernatural power was born with Hercules, as he was able, as a baby, to strangle two snakes sent by his father's wife Hera, who did not leave him alone, but rather a conspiracy against him remained until it made him mad after his marriage to a princess from Thebes named Megara.
In one of his madness according to legend, Hera pushes him to kill his children with the trick that they are dangerous monsters, after which he escapes to a Delphi oracle.
For this reason, Hercules was required to serve Prince Eurists of Messinia for ten years, during which time he performed twelve great works, among which he slaughtered the nine-headed Hydra monster.
After that, he died, and Zeus ordered his death to place him among the stars because it was the most suitable place for him, and for all these stars to be dim because they are only seen on dark nights.
The legend of Hades and Persephone
It is one of the Greek myths used to explain natural phenomena.
The legend revolves around Hades, the god of the underworld, and Persephone, his niece (daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of the harvest).
Hades Persephone loved so much and kidnapped her to the next world, which exposed Demeter to a major panic attack that affected all the crops of the earth and wilted.
Demeter and Zeus often pleaded with Hades to return their daughter Persephone, whom he had made his queen and lavished on her precious stones, gold, and precious metals.
Then Persephone divided her years, six months with her mother Demeter and six months with her husband Hades to please both. Demeter was very happy during her daughter's life, and her happiness was reflected in the crops, while she was sad for the other six months, causing all crops and plants to wither and die.
This is how the ancients interpreted the change of seasons.
In ancient times, prevailing beliefs held that the earth was the axis of the universe and that the sun, moon, stars, and everything in the sky revolved around it.
The sun and the moon are nothing but shining and shining chariots led by the gods who roam the sky every day, day, and night. Phaeton is the son of the ocean nymph Clement and the sun god Helios.
Phaeton questioned his father's paternity and tried to search for evidence of Helios' paternity to him, which he promised to help him prove.
Accordingly, his father granted him the command of the chariot of the sun, which he requested to drive for one day, and the inability of Phaeton to control the transport and the movement of the fiery horses, which caused the cart to deviate from its path and thus the cart deviated from its course.
The threat to the existence and stability of the Earth, which required the intervention of Zeus, who killed Phaeton with a thunderbolt and returned the craft to Helios.
During his journey on the road, the vehicle moved away from the ground, the ground froze, and when it approached it, it burned.
This legend explains the frigid climates of northern Greece and the desert around the Mediterranean.
The Legend of Pandora's Box
Pandora is a very beautiful woman made by Zeus, but she was a little curious and suspicious.
Hermes (the Messenger of Zeus) gave her a golden box and warned her not to open it because it might cause unpleasant things.
Pandora kept the box for a while without opening it, but she always wondered what was inside, until finally, her curiosity prompted her to open it, as all human evils are inside it like hate, greed, pain, sadness, etc.
Nothing remains but the hope that people carry.
This myth explains the causes of human evils, which reflected on them with great misery and bears among its words a lesson that portends bad consequences.
Acontius and Cydippe
Acontius was a young man from Chios, and at a festival in Delos, he fell in love with the charming Athenian lord and threw a coin on it, so I took it and read it to find that it was written: "I swear to the sanctity of the Temple of Artemis that I will marry Acontius."
Selby uttered what she read aloud, and thus, according to the tradition and sanctity of this oath, she was forced to marry Acuntius.
This myth indicates that male habits and aspirations took precedence over female desires during that period, whatever the circumstances.
Hero and Leander
This myth follows the same tragic fate of lovers of most Greek myths about love, so a hero was a servant of the goddess of love Aphrodite, Leander was a slave to Abydos, the two fell in love, and when darkness fell, Hiro hung so that Leander could swim to her across the river using the torchlight to guide him to the path On a stormy night the wind blew and extinguished the flame, Leander did not turn to the road and drowned, and when Hiro learned of Leander's death, she sank herself to be with him.
Asis & Galatea
Assis loved the little river god the nymph Galatia, and a giant with one eye in Greek mythology, named "Polyphimius", liked Galatia also, and the competition between the two was not really, Assis was a handsome young man, but Poliphimius was ugly and huge, because of his pursuit of them, he kept Asis Galatia secretly loved them, but one day Polyphemus heard Asis sing a love song for Galatia, so he went mad and threw huge rocks on the two, and Galatia turned into a river and the stones that Polyphemus threw became the vertical rocks in Sicily.